By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically En
Assists policymakers in comparing the right clinical equipment for detecting unintentional adjustments in nutrition and assessing the potential of hostile wellbeing and fitness results from genetically changed items. during this e-book, the committee prompt that larger scrutiny might be given to meals containing new compounds or strange quantities of clearly taking place components, whatever the approach used to create them. The booklet bargains a framework to steer federal corporations in identifying the direction of defense evaluate. It identifies and recommends a number of pre- and post-market methods to lead the evaluation of accidental compositional alterations that can outcome from genetically transformed meals and learn avenues to fill the information gaps.
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Extra info for Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Approaches to Assessing Unintended Health Effects
Some food plants can carry genes that originate in different species, transferred both by nature and by human intervention. For example, common wheat varieties carry genes from rye. A common potato, Solanum tuberosum, can cross with relatives of other species, such as S. , 1999) or S. , 2000). Chromosome engineering is the term given to nonrecombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA) cytogenetic manipulations, in which portions of chromosomes from near or distant species are recombined through a natural process called chromosomal translocation.
Traditional genetic modification methods that have been employed—particularly for microbial starter cultures—include selection, mutagenesis, conjugation, and protoplast fusion, the last of which is analogous to somatic hybridization in plant systems. Before molecular genetics was developed and applied to LAB, the most widely used genetic modification method was chemical- or ultra-violet-induced mutagenesis, followed by an enrichment or selection process for mutants with superior characteristics.
Embryo Recovery and Transfer and Superovulation Embryo recovery and transfer allow valuable animals to contribute more offspring to the gene pool (Seidel, 1984). Embryos that are frozen and stored before being used to initiate a pregnancy result in 40,000 to 50,000 beef calves per year (NAAB, 2000). Emerging technologies will allow the sexing of semen and embryos to control the gender of the offspring. The production of single-sex sperm, by cell sorting X and Y sperm, will greatly benefit the livestock industries (Johnson, 2000).
Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Approaches to Assessing Unintended Health Effects by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically En