By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on the Design and Evaluation of Safer Chemical Substitutions: A Framework to Inform Governme

ISBN-10: 030931013X

ISBN-13: 9780309310130

ISBN-10: 0309310148

ISBN-13: 9780309310147

Traditionally, laws governing chemical use have usually eager about well-known chemical compounds and acute human future health results of publicity to them, in addition to their power to reason melanoma and different opposed well-being results. As medical wisdom has extended there was an elevated information of the mechanisms wherein chemical substances could exert damaging results on human wellbeing and fitness, in addition to their results on other  Read more...

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Extra info for A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives

Example text

In 2005, the Massachusetts state legislature requested that TURI evaluate alternatives to five chemicals of concern. TURI’s Alternatives Assessment Process Guidance (TURI 2006a) is an outgrowth of the resulting Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study (TURI 2006b). The objective of the guidance document was to define a consistent process for setting priorities, 19 studying and evaluating the alternatives for the five chemicals (lead, formaldehyde, perchloroethylene, hexavalent chromium, and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate [DEHP]) (TURI 2006a).

Although changes to materials or designs might also provide alternatives to chemicals of concern, the framework does not focus on this option.  Certain activities, although important to evaluating alternatives, were deemed to be beyond the scope of the current project. The committee provides sufficient information for an understanding of the general approach, but if more information is needed, the references supplied should be used. Those topics that may warrant more information include criteria and approaches for identifying and prioritizing chemicals of concern, a full discussion of life cycle analysis (LCA) practice, and detailed guidance on conducting performance, economic, or social impact assessments.

IC2, BizNGO, and the German Guide evaluate whether life cycle concerns indicate a need for a more formal life cycle assessment. Additionally, three other frameworks (CA SCP, REACH, and MCDA) suggest or consider factors, such as greenhouse gas emissions, that would normally be addressed through a life cycle assessment. The committee’s framework uses Life Cycle Thinking to complete this analysis. Life Cycle Thinking is also used to determine whether a more detailed evaluation of social impact is needed to inform a substitution decision.

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A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on the Design and Evaluation of Safer Chemical Substitutions: A Framework to Inform Governme

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